Friday, February 28, 2020

Case study effective leaders Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Effective leaders - Case Study Example Often, the variation is attributed to the leadership as well as the type of people these two types of leaders govern. Extraverted leadership often involves commanding the center of attention by not only being outgoing and assertive, but also bold, talkative as well as dominant. Introverted leadership, on the other hand, involves listening to other people’s opinion before making any decision in an organization. In relation to this, the paper expounds on extraverts are not the best bosses. In relation to this description, it is apparent that pairing extraverted leaders with employees who speak out often result in a conflict. On the other hand, it is evidenced that paring introverted leaders with employees who speak out result to high productivity. In regard to this claim, one can affirm that introverted managers have the potential of maximizing the productivity of proactive employees. In other words, extraverted managers can only work best with passive employees. Unfortunately, passive behaviors are not important in a dynamic as well as uncertain economy (Analyzing Effective Leaders, 2010). Extraverted leaders are the main contributors of low innovativeness and activeness of employees. Such leaders often feel threatened by the activeness of employees; they fear employee proactivity. In tandem with this claim, it is evident that pairing of such leaders with proactive employees hampers with the success of an organization. In most occasions, proactive employees lose the morale of working hard when responded to in a less receptive way by an extraverted leader. Additionally, the poor relationship between extraverted leader and employees make employees mean in that they avoid sharing ideas that could enhance creativity and innovation. Personality conflicts in most organizations are also as a result of the practice of extraverted leadership. These conflicts frequently result to a power struggle within organization

Wednesday, February 12, 2020

Databases Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Databases - Coursework Example Relational databases use specific integrity rules to facilitate accurate collection of data and to make that data accessible. Firstly, the rows in a relational database must all be unique. In case of duplicate rows problems can crop up when resolving which of the two likely selections is the right one. For most DBMSs (databases management systems) users are able to specify that duplicate rows are not permitted, and when that is done the DBMS will block the addition of any rows that are identical to an existing one. Another integrity rule of relational databases is that column values should not be repeating arrays or groups. The third involves the logic of a null value. A database handles situations where information may not be available by employing a null value to show that a value is absent (Pathak, 2008). It is not equal to a blank or zero; a blank is equal to another blank and a zero is only equal to another zero. Two null values are not equal. When each row in a table is unique, it is possible to use one or more columns to mark a specific row. This distinct column or group of columns is referred to as a primary key. Any column that forms a primary key cannot be null; in any case it were the primary key which it is a part of would cease to be a complete identifier. This rule is known as entity integrity. Relational databases can greatly enhance the quality control and accessibility to organizations’ sensitive and valuable information materials. It can contribute towards a competitive edge by facilitating business analysis that can help to determine methods of improving products and services (Pathak, 2008). In comparison to non-relational database settings, relational databases are more flexible hence easily adapt to dynamic business needs. In addition, unlimited access to sensitive data means better data for more effective decision-making. Relational databases can also have a huge positive impact on numerous MIS